INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE AND PERFORMANCE (IJSSP)

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  • Energy Expenditure Pattern of Adolescent Athletes: A Narrative Overview
    Keren Susan Cherian*

    MYAS-NIN Department of Sports Science, ICMR- National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad

     

    *Correspondence Author

    Keren Susan Cherian

    Scientist- B (Nutrition), MYAS-NIN Department of Sports Science, ICMR- National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India

    Email address: keren.cherian@gmail.com

     

    Article Received: 13.05.2021

    Article Accepted: 25.08.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    Adolescent athletes are at a crucial time of growth and development, and require additional energy for growth demands, over and above training energy expenditure. This study aims to understand the energy expenditure pattern of adolescent athletes, particularly in athletics, football and weightlifting events. This narrative review adopted a scoping design and search keywords related to energy or energy expenditure, athletes (adolescent, junior, young) specific to sporting category (athletics, runner, middle distance runner, soccer, football, weightlifting) were used in PubMed and Google Scholar using appropriate Boolean operators. A total of 1385 articles were screened for title, followed by abstract for content related to energy expenditure and/or energy intake of adolescent aged 10-17 years. Post screening, 8 articles related to track athletes, 24 articles related to football/soccer and 4 articles related to weightlifting were selected and data extraction of key physical variables and energy were carried out. The mean energy expenditure ranged from 29 to 57 kcal/kg body mass among track athletes and 42 to 61 kcal/kg body mass among football players, with lower end of the range expended by girls and higher end by boys, irrespective of the training season. There was limited research carried out on energy expenditure pattern of weightlifters being an anaerobic sport. Among Indian weightlifters, the energy expenditure was reported to be higher due to competition season, with 51 to 60 kcal/kg body mass among boys and 45 to 58 kcal/kg body mass. The calorie expenditure pattern collated will be useful in setting fuel requirements and planning a diet specific to a sport

    Key Words:total energy expenditure, energy, young athletes, football, weightlifting


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  • A Blend of Culture, Music and Physical Endurance: A Narrative Review of the 24 Seasons Drums in Promoting Physical Literacy
    Vincent Tee* & Garry Kuan**

    *School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Malaysia

    **School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Malaysia

    **Department of Life Sciences, Brunel University, London UB8 3 PH, UK

    *Correspondence Author
    Garry Kuan

    Associate Professor

    School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Malaysia

    Email address:garry@usm.my

     

    Article Received: 07.07.2021

    Article Accepted: 25.07.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    Physical literacy can be defined as having an individual’s mind and body in a state of harmony. Previous studies introduced circus arts and actor training as a way to encourage physical literacy. The present paper aimed to introduce new ways and possibilities in endorsing the promotion of physical literacy, through the extensive use of 24 Season Drums. The study would further explore how 24 Season Drums, a musical performance originated from Malaysia, can enhance one’s physical embodiment development. The manuscript also covers the method of training carried out in Universities Sains Malaysia Kubang Kerian (Health Campus). The literature search was performed using databases from PubMed and Google Scholar search engine using specific keywords, ranging from January 2000 to June 2021. We hope that this paper could pave ways for more future studies on the effects of 24 Season Drums training in terms of an individual’s physical and musical literacy.

    Key Words:physical literacy, exercise physical activity,drumming


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  • Sports Sense of Community among Adolescent Athletes in India
    Manoj, T.I*., Bipin, G**., & Ajith Mohan, K. R***

    *Department of Physical Education, Kerala Agricultural University

    **SKV College, Thrissur

    ***Department of Physical Education, CUSAT

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Manoj T I

    Professor, Department of Physical Education, Kerala Agricultural University

    Thrissur, Kerala, India

    Email address:manoj.ti@kau.in

     

    Article Received: 21.05.2021

    Article Accepted: 13.08.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    McMillan & Chavis (1986) defined “Sense of community is a feeling that members have of belonging, a feeling that members matter to one another and to the group, and a shared faith that members’ needs will be met through their commitment to be together”. The aim of the study was to measure the status of sports sense of community among adolescent athletes in India. A population of 215 Indian adolescent athletes, 126 male and 89 females voluntarily participated in this study. To measure sports sense of community among adolescent sports persons, “Sport Sense of Community in Adolescence Questionnaire” (SSCAQ) constructed by Silvia, et al.,(2017) was used. The mean scores indicate that, the participants scores were ranged between 75.02 to 80.2 percentages of the maximum possible score in all five variables of SSCAQ. Moreover, the dimension of athlete’s emotional connection with peers was lowest among international athletes and high among state/ inters collegiate athletes. All other variables, no differences were observed at gender, sport and level of participation

    Key Words : sports sense of community, adolescence, social participation


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  • Biomechanical Comparison of Lofted Kick in Football between Male and Female Players
    Shaybal Chanda*  Prof. Sumanta Kumar Mondal**

    *Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh

    **Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Visva-Bharati University, West Bengal, India

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Shaybal Chanda

    Assistant Professor

    Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh

    Email address: shaybalchanda@yahoo.com

     

    Article Received: 18.05.2021

    Article Accepted: 21.08.2021

    Article E-Published:24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    In the game of football, giving a pass for a longer distance has immense importance. The skill to pass for the longest distance is called Lofted Kick. Male and female football players are identical in many physical, anatomical, and physiological characteristics and at the same time, they exhibit many morphological differences. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify whether there is any difference in angular kinematic parameters of lofted kick at ball contact between male and female players. Result: Differences were found in ‘kicking leg knee angle’ where male players showed higher angle (M = 1540) than the female players (M = 1300), ‘non-kicking foot side shoulder angle on sagittal plane’ where male players showed lower angle (M = 2110) than the female player (M = 2820), and in ‘non-kicking foot side shoulder angle on frontal plane’ where male players showed higher angle (M = 820) than the female players (M = 360). Conclusion: Male and female football players perform lofted kicks with almost similar kicking leg kinematics with few exceptions such as ‘kicking leg knee angle’, ‘non-kicking foot side shoulder angle on sagittal plane,’ and ‘non-kicking foot side shoulder angle on frontal plane’

    Keywords:Biomechanics, Angular Kinematics, Lofted kick, sagittal and frontal Plane


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  • Construction and Validation of Perceived Performance Questionnaire in Sports
    Geeta Negi* & Lalit Sharma**

    *Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Delhi

    **Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Delhi

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Lalit Sharma, Professor

    Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Delhi

    Email address:lalit.sharma@igipess.du.ac.in

     

    Article Received: 24.06.2021

    Article Accepted: 28.07.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    Objective: The development of two item self-assessment perceived performance Questionnaire in sport. Method: Two items were generated one for each; level of efforts exerted, and skill level executed in the competition. Responses from 64 state and national level female volleyball players were treated as data. Confirmatory factor analysis, item to total correlation and individual’s self-assessment to individual’s assessment by teammate’s correlation analysed   statistically. Result: Confirmatory Factor analysis evident that both variables lie in one factor only. Computed correlation value between self-assessed individual score and self-assessed effort was .91 and with self-assessed skill was .88 which are strongly correlated. Whereas, with individual assessment by teammates was .415 which is moderately correlated. And correlation between both the variables self-assessed individual skill and individual effort is .60, which is highly correlated. Conclusion: The questionnaire could be revised by taking responses from more subjects. It was also concluded that effort and skill both represents the perceived performance as its variables.

    Key Words:perceived performance, volleyball, effort, skill


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  • Awareness of the Fit India Movement among University Students
    Kalpana Sharma*

    *Amity School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Kalpana Sharma

    Professor, Dean & Director

    Amity School of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh

    Email address: ksharma1@amity.edu

     

    Article Received: 03.07.2021

    Article Accepted: 20.08.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to survey the level of awareness on Fit India movement as university students. The nature of the study can be called institution survey (university/college) which is basically an assessment and evaluation study. The study tested the awareness of 220 university students at Amity University, Uttar Pradesh. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Students were grouped into four groups according to their domains. Percentage was used to explore awareness. The resulting data shows that the majority (63%+) of the students were aware about the Fit India Movement propelled by our Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji on 29thAugust 2019. The students of Amity University Uttar Pradesh were aware about the Participation and Social impact of Fit India movement campaign in their lives. The majority of the students were aware about the interest and motivation obtained from the Fit India movement campaign.

    Key Words:Fit India Movement, university students


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  • Cooperative Learning in Elementary School: Implications for Physical Education Teacher Educators
    Sudheesh C.S*

    *Lakshmibai National College of Physical Education, University of Kerala, Trivandrum, Kerala

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Sudheesh C.S

    Lakshmibai National College of Physical Education, University of Kerala, Trivandrum, Kerala

    Email address: cssudheesh493@gmail.com

     

     

    Article Received: 28.07.2021

    Article Accepted: 20.08.2021

    Article E-published 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    The research was aimed at understanding the practical difficulties in implementing a Cooperative Learning Lesson in elementary school. Methods: The study used qualitative research model. Data were collected from five supervisors’ rubrics report; students’ self-report and post-lesson reflective analysis of fifteen pre-service teachers. Results: The teachers need to improve time management, students’ opinion addressing mechanism and assessment system. Conclusion: A practice model for Cooperative Lesson Implementation shall be developed for Teacher Educators to enhance the teachers’ competence in handling cooperative learning in elementary schools.

    Key Words:cooperative learning, adolescence.


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  • Libero: The Paramount of Specific Fitness Exhibiter in Modern Volleyball
    Krishnendu Pradhan*

    *Department of Physical Education, Garhbeta College, West Bengal

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Krishnendu Pradhan

    Associate Professor

    Department of Physical Education, Garhbeta College, Paschim Midnapur, West Bengal

    Email address:kpgcpe@gmail.com

     

    Article Received: 01.08.2021

    Article Accepted: 25.08.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    In the present study, an attempt has been made to establish that, liberos’ are the paramount of specific fitness exhibitors in the modern volleyball game according to their positions in the court. Fifty-two male volleyball players (N=52, average age: 23.26±1.59 years) from east zone inter university volleyball tournament, 2014 were purposely selected in this study. The players were categorized as middle blocker (N1=14), outside hitter (N2=14), libero (N3=12) and setter (N4=12) according to their different playing positions. As per recommendation of different nation and university coaches, specific fitness exhibitor of volleyball players were measured through standard tests i.e. explosive leg strength by standing broad jump, explosive shoulder strength by six pound medicine ball put, agility by Semo agility test, speed by 50 meter run, endurance by 600 yard run & walk and eye-hand coordination by ball transfer test respectively. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to observe differences of mean among the groups. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The results showed that there were significant differences in explosive leg strength, explosive shoulder strength, agility, speed and endurance among the different playing positions. No significant differences exist in eye-hand coordination among the different positional players. The results of this study help the coaches and trainers to set appropriate training schedules that consider playing positions in relation to their selected paramount of specific fitness exhibitors in the volleyball game. Thus, more research must be conducted in order to understand quality talent identification, team selection and preparation of a new training schedule that considers positional roles and demands of the same.

    Key Words:libero, specific fitness, volleyball


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  • Variability (Co-Variance) of Selected Length Dimensions of Female Students in a Longitudinal Physical Conditioning Programme of 18-Weeks
    Seema Sharma (Kaushik)* &Dhananjoy Shaw**

    *Department of Physical Education, Lakshmibai College, University of Delhi

    **Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Delhi

     

    *Correspondence Author.

    Seema Kaushik

    Associate Professor in Physical Education, Lakshmibai College, University of Delhi

    Email address: seemakaushik@lb.du.ac.in

     

    Article Received: 20.06.2021

    Article Accepted: 15.08.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    Conditioning is usually referred to the circumstance of state of being. Physical conditioning enables an individual/ athlete to be prepared to take strenuous loads. It leads to various radical and mechanical changes in the body. Not many studies have investigated on the training effect of a systematic training or conditioning programme for female students in the University of Delhi.  Hence, the present study is aimed at studying the variability of covariance of selected length dimensions of female students (youth) in a longitudinal physical conditioning programme of 18-weeks duration. The sample size for the study was 78 (N) having three groups of female students i.e. progressive load (PLT, n1=26), constant load (CLT, n2=26), and no load group (NL, n3=26),); 26 samples in each group (mean age = 19.76±1.69 years). The variables included sitting height, leg length, arm length, foot length and foot breadth. The design of the study was a multi-group repeated measure design. The testing was conducted four times, i.e. pre-test and three post-tests at an interval of Six weeks on completion of each of the three meso-cycles. The variables were measured while using standard landmarks and protocols.  The study concluded that the progressive load of physical training positively affected foot breadth, leg length, arm length and foot length, whereas the constant load of the physical training group demonstrated changes in the foot breadth of female students (youth).

    Key Words:physical conditioning, female students, length dimensions


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  • Influence of Twelve Week Pawanmuktasana Series Training on Back and Leg Flexibility of Sedentary Women
    Nibu R Krishna*

    Lakshmibai national Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India*

    *Correspondence Author.

    Nibu R Krishna

    Associate Professor

    Lakshmibai National Institute of physical Education, Gwalior, India

    Email address: nrkrishna@lnipe.edu.in

     

    Article Received: 16.07.2021

    Article Accepted: 26.08.2021

    Article E-Published: 24.09.2021


  • Abstract

    The study was to investigate the influence of modified series of Pawanmuktasana in improving back and leg flexibility of sedentary women. For the study, 20 sedentary women ranging between 45 to 55 years of age, and residents of Gwalior, M.P (India) were selected randomly. These 20 participants were then divided equally into two groups i.e., experimental group and control group. Experimental group underwent the training programme for twelve weeks (five days/week) regularly whereas the control group did not face administration of any kind of training programmes. Pre-test were conducted for both the groups prior to the administration of training protocol. Also, post-test was conducted for both the groups after twelve weeks. The study results indicated no significant difference in the control group in terms of leg and back flexibility. But significant difference in the leg and back flexibility of sedentary women in the experimental group was observed. The study results indicate that daily practice of modified series of Pawanmuktasana is beneficial for sedentary women. 

    Key Words:pawanmuktasana series, flexibility


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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE AND PERFORMANCE (IJSSP)

2  |  16-07-2021  |  15 comments

The International Journal of Sports Science and Performance (IJSSP) focus on advancing knowledge and application of sports sciences to performance. The journal aims to promote critical and reflective practices and will help in bridging the gap between theoretical aspects of sports science and its practical application in the filed settings enroute to peak performance